This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.
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Ault & Wiborg Company. Cincinnati, 1902
This is a cangue, a set of stocks from China. From the 8th year of the Kangxi period (1669) onwards, serious Manchu criminals were confined in the cangue as punishment, but would be released after a short period of time (10 days or more). The writing on the cangue indicates that it was used in Shanghai, and lists the date of the prisoner’s release.
The weight of a cangue would be varied depending on the severity of the prisoner’s crime.